This article was compiled by Jodi Phillips April 2014, for the Institute of Black Academics
concerning Black Under achievement.
PUBLISHED 09 APRIL 2013 05:26
Gold Coast was first colonized by the Portuguese, with settlement in 1482 of the Portuguese Gold Coast.
In 1642 this became part of the Dutch Gold Coast, which had been colonized by the Dutch since 1598.
The Dutch stayed in the region until 1871, when the last of their settlements were taken over by the British
There was also the Brandenburger Gold Coast, which established a colony in the area in 1682.
It later became the Prussian Gold Coast. In 1721 it was sold to the Dutch. Sweden also had settlements in Gold Coast, with the Swedish Gold Coast established by the Swedes in 1650, but seized by Denmark in 1663, and made part of the Danish Gold Coast. The Danes had been in the Gold Coast Since 1658. In 1850 all of the settlements became part of the British Gold Coast.
In 1774 a London lexicographer references a witness that "the king of Guinea, the greatest city in all the countries of Negroland, has a mass of gold of thirty pounds weight as it was naturally produced in the mines which is completely pure, tough and malleable without having been smelted". The British had taken over all of Gold Coast by 1871. They captured more territory inland in the late nineteenth century after the Ashanti wars.
In 1957, the territory of Gold Coast was granted independence as Ghana.
[Source : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_Coast_%28region%29]